I finally found some time last weekend to work on FragmentArgs and to release a new major version 3.0. Here is an overview of new features and bug fixes.

Migration

The good news first: FragmentArgs 3.0 is completely backward compatible to all previous versions (down to 1.0). So basically you have to do nothing. However, I recommend to add the @FragmentWithArgs annotations to your Fragments that contain @Arg annotations. Why? See What’s new section and Bugfixes sections.

What’s new?

  • I have added @FragmentWithArgs and you should annotate all Fragment classes with this annotation. For backward compatibility reasons @FragmentWithArgs is not mandatory. However, I strongly recommend to use @FragmentWithArgs because in further versions of FragmentArgs this could become mandatory to support more features.
  • @FragmentArgsInherited is deprecated now. Use @FragmentWithArgs(inherited = true or false) instead.
  • The generated Builder classes are now annotated with @NonNull from android support annotations library. This allows LINT to check your builders as well. You can disable that (see “Annotation Processor Options” below)
  • Setter methods: You still have to annotate fields with @Arg (not the setter method itself). FragmentArgs detects the corresponding setter method automatically. This allows you to annotate private or protected fields with @Arg. However, I still recommend to use package (default) visibility for your argument fields:
@FragmentWithArgs
public class MyFragment extends Fragment {

    @Arg
    int id;

    @Arg
    private String mTitle; // private fields requires a setter method

  // Setter method for private field.
  // The name must be the "set" prefix concatenated with field name
  public void setTitle(String title){
    this.title = title;
  }

}

FragmentArgs supports hungarian notation for detecting fields (even if your setter method would be called setMTitle() or setmTitle()). Nevertheless, I’m not a fan of the hungarian notation. We are not old school C++ developers living in the 1990’s. We should stop using the hungarian notation on android.

Kotlin support

The kotlin programming language is supported (use kapt instead of apt). Since FragmentArgs 3.0 now supports setter methods kotlin backing fields are supported out of the box (because backing fields simply generate getter and setters).

 @FragmentWithArgs
 class KotlinFragment : Fragment() {

     @Arg var foo: String = "foo"
     @Arg(required = false) lateinit var bar: String // works also with lateinit for non primitives

     override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
         super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
         FragmentArgs.inject(this)
     }

     override fun onCreateView(inflater: LayoutInflater,
        container: ViewGroup?, savedInstanceState: Bundle?): View? {

         val view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_kotlin, container, false)

         val tv = view.findViewById(R.id.textView) as TextView

         tv.text = "Foo = ${foo} , bar = ${bar}"
         return view;
     }
 }
 

Annotation Processor Options

The FragmentArgs annotation processor supports some options for customization.

// Hugo Visser's APT plugin
apt {
  arguments {
    fragmentArgsLib true
    fragmentArgsSupportAnnotations false
    fragmentArgsBuilderAnnotations "hugo.weaving.DebugLog com.foo.OtherAnnotation"
  }
}

// Kotlin Annotation processor
kapt {
  generateStubs = true
  arguments {
    arg("fragmentArgsLib", true)
    arg("fragmentArgsSupportAnnotations", false)
    arg("fragmentArgsBuilderAnnotations", "hugo.weaving.DebugLog com.foo.OtherAnnotation")
  }
}
 
  • fragmentArgsLib: If you want to use FragmentArgs in android library projects. See github readme for more informtation.
  • fragmentArgsSupportAnnotations: As default the methods of the generated Builder are annotated with the annotations from support library like @NonNull etc. You can disable that feature by passing false.
  • fragmentArgsBuilderAnnotations: You can add additional annotations to the generated Builder classes. For example you can add @DebugLog annotation to the Builder classes to use Jake Wharton’s Hugo for logging in debug builds. You have to pass a string of a full qualified annotation class name. You can supply multiple annotations by using a white space between each one. The sample show above would generate a builder class like this:
  @hugo.weaving.DebugLog
  @com.foo.OtherAnnotation
  public final class MyFragmentBuilder {
    ...
  }
 

Bugfixes:

  • #30: There was a bug when having a Fragment with optional arguments only (@Arg(required = false)). This has been fixed.
  • #32: It wasn’t possible to generate a builder for a Fragment without any @Arg annotation. TL;DR: Use @FragmentWithArgs also on Fragments with no arguments and the corresponding generated Builder to instantiate an instance. The long story: So why would should you use the FragmentArgs Builder if you don’t have arguments anyway? Imagine you have a Fragment called MyFragment. If it doesn’t have any argument then it’s safe to instantiate the Fragment directly via new MyFragment(). However, you should always use a FragmentArgs builder: Why? The reason is consistency and compile time verification. Imagine that one day in the future MyFragment needs an argument. So now you would have to scan all of your code for new MyFragment() calls and replace them with the new MyFragmentBuilder(argument).build(). What if you overlook one new MyFragment() statement. So your code will still compile, but will crash at runtime because the argument is missing. If you would have used new MyFragmentBuilder() instead even for fragments without arguments from the beginning you won’t run into this kind of issue because as soon as you add an argument by using @Arg to MyFragment class the Builder will throw an compile error because the argument is required as constructor parameter in new MyFragmentBuilder(argument).

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